Infertility Specialist

Central Oregon OB/GYN

OBGYNs located in Bend, OR

Infertility can feel isolating, but you're not alone, and there is hope. At Central Oregon OB/GYN in Bend, Oregon, Erin LeGrand, DO, FACOG and John Murphy, MD, FACOG use every tool available to diagnose and resolve infertility issues so you can start building a family. To schedule a complete infertility workup, call today.

Inferitlity Q&A

What is infertility?

Infertility is the inability to get pregnant after a year of unprotected sex. Women who get pregnant but have repeated miscarriages or stillbirths are also considered infertile.

Infertility is surprisingly common. Around 15% of couples can't get pregnant after trying for a year. Pregnancy is a well-orchestrated process involving three crucial steps: ovulation, fertilization, and implantation. If any problem occurs during this process, pregnancy can’t happen.

What causes infertility?

Many different structural and physical issues can lead to infertility in women including:

  • Age
  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Physical issues with the uterus
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Poor diet
  • Sexually-transmitted infections
  • Uterine fibroids

Problems with the shape, movement, or number of sperm are the primary cause of infertility in men.

How is infertility diagnosed?

Dr. LeGrand and Dr. Murphy order a full infertility workup if you are 35 or older or are unable to get pregnant after at least a year of trying. Fertility testing involves:

Health assessment

You and your doctor discuss your overall health including any medications you’re taking, current health problems, lifestyle, and sexual history including previous pregnancies or STDs.

Physical exam

A full physical exam includes a pelvic exam to identify growths, infections, or other clues to potential fertility problems.

Diagnostic testing

Your doctor orders a variety of tests to uncover problems impacting fertility, including an analysis of your partner’s sperm count, shape, and motility, as well as your ovulation, ovarian function, cervical mucus quality, and reproductive organ function.

How is infertility treated?

Once Dr. LeGrand or Dr. Murphy determines your infertility issue, treatment begins. Typically, fertility treatment involves the following:

Lifestyle changes

A nutritious diet, good sleeping habits, regular exercise, and a healthy weight encourage healthy hormone production and ovulation.


The most common fertility medications regulate hormones to increase the number of mature eggs produced and to encourage regular ovulation.

Assisted Reproductive Technology

Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) involves any fertility treatments where mature eggs are fertilized outside of the body and either returned to the woman or donated to another.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI)

During IUI, your doctor prepares sperm outside the body before inserting it into the uterus to achieve pregnancy.

According to the National Institutes of Health, more than half of couples facing infertility become pregnant after treatment, and that number doesn’t include couples using IUI and ART.

To schedule a complete fertility workup with a doctor highly experienced at diagnosing and treating infertility, call today.