Ovarian Cysts Specialist

Central Oregon OB/GYN

OBGYNs located in Bend, OR

Abdominal pain and pressure aren’t always a regular part of your menstrual cycle. They can be symptoms of fluid-filled sacs on or in the ovary, called ovarian cysts. At Central Oregon OB/GYN in Bend, Oregon, Erin LeGrand, DO, FACOG and John Murphy, MD, FACOG treat ovarian cysts proactively to prevent serious complications that may affect your fertility. To learn about minimally invasive procedures to remove ovarian cysts, call to schedule an appointment today.

Ovarian Cysts Q&A

What are ovarian cysts?

Ovaries produce eggs and female hormones. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop in or around the ovaries. Though ovarian cysts don’t cause symptoms for every woman, some women do experience:

  • Abdominal bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal pressure
  • Abdominal swelling

Abdominal pain caused by ovarian cysts often worsens during your menstrual period, bowel movements, or intercourse. Many ovarian cysts disappear on their own, but others require treatment to shrink the cysts and prevent them from twisting or rupturing.

Ovarian cysts are nearly always benign, or noncancerous, but it’s essential to confirm this with diagnostic testing.

What causes ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts have four primary causes:

  • Endometrial tissue forming a growth that attaches to the ovaries
  • Hormonal imbalances and ovulation medications
  • The spreading of some pelvic infections to the ovaries and fallopian tubes
  • A cyst formed during pregnancy remaining in the ovary too long

How are ovarian cysts treated?

If you have symptoms of ovarian cysts, your doctor uses specific tests to determine the best treatment. First, Dr. LeGrand or Dr. Murphy rules out pregnancy with a blood or urine test. They may also check your hormone levels and cancer antigens.

Next, an ultrasound is used to assess the size, shape, and location of your cyst and to determine if it’s solid, filled with fluid, or both. Depending on the size and location of your cyst, your doctor treats it with either:

“Watchful waiting”

If your ovarian cyst does not cause symptoms or impact your daily activities, your doctor may suggest taking a watchful waiting approach.


Hormonal contraceptives are effective in preventing recurring cysts but don’t shrink existing growths.


If you’re past menopause or your cyst is painful, continues to grow, or looks abnormal, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove it. Depending on the size and location of your cyst, your doctor may remove it leaving the ovaries intact, or remove one or both ovaries.

Dr. LeGrand and Dr. Murphy take the most conservative approach to treating ovarian cysts while preserving your fertility and overall health. When symptoms become debilitating, or surgery is medically necessary, they make sure that you understand the risks, benefits, and recovery time that come with your procedure.

Call to schedule an exam with a compassionate and skilled physician at Central Oregon OB/GYN today.